Welcome to kalinga buddha:

The prince, who was supposed to rule the empire he inherited or to attain enlightenment from the Brahmin soothsayers, chose the path for search of perfect bliss and awakening. In the noble family of King Suddhodana, this child was born in 563 BC. The newly born Prince was named by the King as Siddhartha which means ‘Perfect Wealth’, with expectation that one day his son will inherit his throne.

The Prince was blessed with all the privileges and pleasures which a royal family can avail.  In the hope that Siddhartha would never witness poverty and human suffering prevalent outside the palace gates, the King always kept him inside the royal boundaries. Siddhartha was not allowed to cross the borders of Kapilavastu. However, how could the inquisitive Siddhartha who was born to get enlightened and to enlightening the world be kept under any such restrictions for a long time.

Starting venturing outside the palace, the 29-year old Prince made four independent forays and subsequently getting a totally changed approach towards life. During Siddhartha’s first expedition he met the first person of old age he never had seen before, while during his second venture he came across a diseased person for the first time. His third outing encountered the young Prince with a corpse and he heard about this phase of life for the first time. And his fourth trip introduced him with a wandering ascetic who had discarded the garnishes of worldly life in pursue of the truth.

At the same time, the Prince had decided to abandon the worldly accessories and move outside the royal limits to explore the truth. Prince Siddhartha turned away from all the delight of royal life in search of the real life, leaving behind his sleeping wife and newly-born son in the palace. Siddhartha, at first, wandered northern India to study Brahmanic meditation with Hindu gurus, following a number of austerities and the practices of self mortification.  And he ended up these acts soon as he understood that they could not help him come across the existential truths.

Due to his yearning for knowledge, he seated at the base of a ficus tree after vowing not to shift from there until he recognized the truth. His meditation was focused on ‘the nature of mind and body in the present moment’, and he abandoned all the desires for which he knew he was unreliable and unsatisfying. With this practice, the meditating Siddhartha achieved Bodhchita or ‘Awakened Mind’ that was a profound spiritual rebirth for him.  After that, he attained the inexpressible state of perfect bliss and knowledge, becoming the Buddha or ‘Awakened One’. The remaining forty five years of his life, Buddha spent as a humble monk. To make others beneficiary of what he himself had discovered, he preached others, giving birth to and growing the Buddhist philosophy.

Utkal Tapassu and Bhallika, two merchants, became the first lay disciples of Lord Buddha, as is written in early Vinaya texts.  Buddha gave them eight handfuls of his hairs, and got rice cake and honey in return from them. The merchants, later on, deposited the heirs in a stupa (Kesa Stupa) in their native place Asitanjana. The rich Orissa Buddhist Heritage related to the early Christian era of 15th-16th century AD has been revealed by the excavations done in Ratnagiri, Lalitgiri and Udayagiri by Archaeological Survey of India.